6 Carpentry tools to start your workshop. Part 2
In the first part From this topic we saw what tools are essential to start your carpentry workshop at home. Here we will cover a list of 6 larger tools to start uploading your level of production and passing hand tools to stationary tools.
We advance you that you will need something more space. Each of these has a dependency of the previous one, but each one has its force area. You can get all these tools in prices that will not break your pocket.
Security: Each of the following tools that have blades are a danger to you if you do not follow safety practices and common sense. This is not to discourage you, but it is important that each tool treat you with respect and always use all your senses. When you trust a lot, you are working tired or distracted, it is when accidents come. Soon we will be removing material from how to use each of these tools or you can look for it on YouTube.
1. Milling machine or router
From $ 250.00 - A milling machine works to make edges, cuts, level a surface, copy a pattern and much more, it is one of the most versatile tools you can acquire.
There are two types of milling machines or routers:
- Base plunge - allows you to start a cut with the blade on the desired position and go down vertically little by little. Ex: to make ditches of chopping tables.
- Fixed Base - allows you to make cuts more accurate but you can not lower the blade to the position, if you should enter laterally to the material. Ex: to make edges of a table
It is a quite powerful machinite and as the control depends completely on the grip you have, we recommend that you instruct yourself to prior use in order to have a complete control and understand how it works.
If you are not sure to buy it, you can wait, I assure you that you will know when it is the right time.
To understand the following tools we must pause. Although its use is not exclusively exclusive in pre-dimensioning wood, it is important to understand the logical sequence and as each of the following tools affects the order in which they are used when dimensioning a wood.
In the market or hardware stores we can get dimensioned woods (although they rarely come perfect) but it is limited in the variety of species. Commonly gets pinotea, espivé and hawthorn cedar.
Each wooden plank will always have 4 sides + 2 extremes, the idea or goal is to make all faces to keep a 90º squad between them. For wood that has not been signed, our way of working always begins as follows:
- We cut the ends in the miter in the preliminary long with which we will work (we always leave at least 15cm extra from the final measure)
- In the singer we rectify 2 perpendicular faces, a wide face and an edge, so that they remain at 90 ° perfect
- We use the brushing to replicate the parallel broad face
- Finally, we use the table saw to cut the parallel edge longitudinally as a final measure
- We return to the miter to cut the end
2. Table saw:
From $ 300.00 (local) - This is the heart of most workshops, for us this position we fight it with the singer that we will explain later. If you want to be able to make repetitive cuts in a safe and accurate way there is no one who can compete with this tool, there are also countless adaptations that allow you to make many joints, lace and up to a perfect circle.
Even the most basic table saws can be improved or optimized by adding things like exit banks, side benches, game of knives given and endless Jigs for different cuts.
This is one of those tools you should think about getting a good one for the future, but prepare your savings because they can become as expensive as all budget together with this list.
From $ 400.00 (local) - An miter is a worthwhile luxury, it allows you to make cross cuts quickly and efficiently. Unlike the table saw, it is the blade that moves, not the piece of wood. This allows you to fix the piece and lower the blade to obtain cuts from 45º to 90 °. The same could do with a circular saw, but not repetitively.
As far as precision is concerned, it is very good but almost never "perfect"; If you are looking for perfection, you will realize that the closest will be a good table saw well adjusted for cross cuts (although it is limited in the long). We use it in the workshop for pre-size the sides or cutting parts to final measure transversely.
4. Strawberry or Jointer:
From $ 300.00 ("Benchtop" imported options) - As we mentioned in the mountain range, the singer fights the position of the heart of the workshop. The reality is that ultimately if we do not have a squad it is very complicated to accurately rectify the pieces.
The squad is responsible for leaving two faces in a 90° perfect, then The table saw and the bank brush copy work on the other two faces. You can get bench singing machines that work well if your pieces do not exceed 30 "long; Longer than this you must get one that is not bank (like the one in the photo).
This is a tool that does not work for one, one must understand how the fibers of the wood behave and be able to know how to devastate to get the benefit that it offers, but it is definitely one of our favorite tools.
5. Plane or Planer:
From $ 300 ("Benchtop" Imported Options) - The Bank Brush is essential to carry woods at the desired thickness and is very accurate, it is an integral part in the dimensioning process. This is the fastest way to be able to control the thickness of your projects.
The quality of your work can improve a lot if you have this tool, but if you do not have it, you do not get discouraged, there are many ways to get similar results (as with a "Router Planer").
6. Band saw or endless:
From $ 130 ("Benchtop" Imported Options) - For many experts and experienced people this tool leads the list, you can do many things with it alone.
Even when we do not use it to its maximum potential, this tool is extremely versatile and you can use techniques and jigs very similar to those of a table saw.
Investing in one of these opens you many doors, for example: be able to process cuts of thin wood sheets with less waste and better use of the material.
Without more, the last words are for you to encourage you in your adventure, buy only what you can at the moment, create something unique and keep improving your skills every day. Remember that a project will be easier if you have the right tools, but it has more ingenuity, creativity, determination and quality.